Wednesday, 11 September 2013

Conversion Factors and Charts.

One of the most handiest and time saving things for a baker to have is a conversion chart!
Because we are dealing with bread baking which uses large and small amounts of ingredients, the equations of the conversion factors below let you work out as per so we can be as accurate as possible.

Conversion Factors 


ounces to grams:     
multiply ounce figure by 28.3 to get number of grams

grams to ounces:     
multiply gram figure by .0353 to get number of ounces

pounds to gram:     
multiply pound figure by 453.59 to get number of grams 

pounds to kilograms:     
multiply pounds by 0.45 to get number of kilograms

ounces to milliliters:    
multiply ounce figure by 30 to get number of milliliters

cups to liters:     
multiply cup figure by 0.24 to get number of liters

Fahrenheit to Celsius:    
subtract 32 from the Fahrenheit figure, multiply by 5, then divide by 9 to get Celsius figure

Celsius to Fahrenheit: 
multiply Celsius figure by 9, divide by 5, then add 32 to get Fahrenheit figure

inches to centimeters:    
multiply inches by 2.54 to get number of centimeters

centimeters to inches:     
multiply centimeter figure by .39 to get number of inches

Conversion Charts


U.S. Measurements (Weight) (ounces)
Metric Measurements (Weight) (grams)
1/2 ounce
14 grams
1 ounce
28 grams
1 1/2 ounces
43 grams
2 ounces
57 grams
3 ounces
85 grams
4 ounces (1/4 pound)
113 grams
5 ounces
140 grams
6 ounces
170 grams
7 ounces
198 grams
8 ounces (1/2 pound)
227 grams
9 ounces
255 grams
10 ounces
283 grams
12 ounces
340 grams
14 ounces
397 grams
16 ounces (1 pound)
454 grams
18 ounces
510 grams
20 ounces (1 ¼ pound)
566 grams
24 ounces (1 1/2 pound)
680 grams
32 ounces (2 pounds)
 907 grams
64 ounces (4 pounds)
 1.8 kilograms

U.S. Volume Equivalents:
Converting U.S. to Metric:
1 1/2 tsp = 1/2 tbsp
tsp x 4.93 = millilitres (ml)
3 tsp = 1 tbsp
tbsp x 14.79 = millilitres
2 tbsp = 1 ounce = 1/8 cup
fluid ounces x 29.57 = millilitres
8 ounces (16 tbsp) = 1 cup
cups x 236.59 = millilitres
2 cups = 1 pint = 16 ounces
pints x 473.18 = millilitres
2 pints = 1 quart = 4 cups = 32 ounces
quarts x 946.36 = millilitres
4 quarts = 1 gallon = 16 cups = 128 ounces
gallons x 3.785 = litres

U.S. Volume
 Metric Volume (ml)
1/4 tsp


 1.23 ml
1/2 tsp


 2.5 ml
3/4 tsp


 3.7 ml
1 tsp


 4.9 ml
1 1/2 tsp
1/2 tbsp

7.5 ml
2 tsp


 10 ml
3 tsp
1 tbsp
1/2 ounce 
 15 ml
1/8 cup
2 tbsp
1 ounce
30 ml
1/4 cup
4 tbsp
2 ounces
60 ml
1/3 cup
5 tbsp + 1 tsp
2.7 ounce
80 ml
1/2 cup
8 tbsp
4 ounces
120 ml
2/3 cup
10 tbsp + 2 tsp
5.3 ounce
158 ml
3/4 cup
12 tbsp
6 ounces
180 ml
1 cup
16 tbsp
8 ounces
240 ml
2 cups
32 tbsp/1 pint
16 ounces
480 ml
2 1/4 cups

18 ounces
 540 ml
2 1/2 cups

20 ounces
 600 ml
2 3/4 cups

22 ounces
 660 ml
3 cups
1 1/2 pints
24 ounces
 720 ml
4 cups
1 quart
32 ounces
 9.60 ml
4 quarts
1 gallon
128 ounces
 3.8 L

Fahrenheit °F
 Celsius °C
 Gas Number
 Oven Terms
225 °F
 110 °C
 1/4
 Very Cool
250 °F
 130 °C
 1/2
 Very Slow
275 °F
 140 °C
 1
 Very Slow
300 °F
 150 °C
 2
 Slow
325 °F
 165 °C
 3
 Slow
350 °F
 177 °C
 4
 Moderate
375 °F
 190 °C
 5
 Moderate
400 °F
 200 °C
 6
 Moderately Hot
425 °F
 220 °C
 7
 Hot
450 °F
 230 °C
 8
 Hot
475 °F
 245 °C
 9
 Hot
500 °F
 260 °C
 10
 Extremely Hot
550 °F
 290 °C
10
 Broiling

YEAST MATH-EQUIVALENTS & CONVERSIONS
The following conversions make it possible to substitute one form of yeast for another.

1 envelope dry yeast = 2 ½ t. by volume
1 envelope dry yeast = ¼ ounce by weight
1 envelope dry yeast = 2/3 ounce compressed yeast in rising power

Therefore, 2 ½ teaspoons or ¼ ounce dry yeast is equal to 2/3 ounce compressed yeast.

1 ½ envelopes dry yeast = about 1 tablespoon plus 1 teaspoon by volume
1 ½ envelopes dry yeast = 3/8 ounce by weight
1 ½ envelopes dry yeast = 1 ounce compressed yeast in rising power

Therefore, 1 tablespoon plus 1 teaspoon or 3/8 ounce dry yeast is equal to 1 ounce
compressed yeast.

1. Multiply envelopes of dry yeast by 2/3 to determine ounces of compressed yeast.

2. Multiply ounces of dry yeast by 8/3 to determine ounces of compressed yeast.

3. Multiply ounces of compressed yeast by 3/8 to determine ounces of dry yeast.

4. Multiply ounces of compressed yeast by 3/2 to determine number of envelopes of dry yeast.

TABLE SALT
2 tsp salt= 14 grams
1+3/4 tsp salt = 12 grams
1+1/2 tsp salt = 10 grams
1+1/4 tsp salt = 9 grams
1 tsp salt = 8 grams
3/4 tsp salt = 5-6 grams
1/2 tsp salt = 4 grams
1/4 tsp salt = 2 grams

WHITE SUGAR
1 teaspoon = 1/6 ounce = 4 grams
1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce = 12 grams
1/4 cup = 1 3/4 ounces = 50 grams
1/3 cup = 2 1/4 ounces = 67 grams
1/2 cup = 3 1/2 ounces = 100 grams
1/3 cup = 4 1/2 ounces = 150 grams
3/4 cup = 5 1/4 ounces = 170 grams
1 cup = 7 ounces = 200 grams
2 cups = 1 pound = 500 grams

BROWN SUGAR, DARK OR LIGHT
1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce = 14 grams
1/4 cup = 2 ounces = 55 grams
1/3 cup = 2 1/2 ounces = 63 grams
1/2 cup = 4 ounces = 110 grams
2/3 cup = 5 1/2 ounces = 135 grams
3/4 cup = 6 ounces = 150 grams
1 cup = 8 ounces = 220 grams

OIL
1 tablespoon = 14 grams

VINEGAR
1 teaspoon = 4.9 grams

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